Archives pour 05/2021

Secure Your Linux Desktop and SSH Login Using Two Factor Google Authenticator

31/05/2021 Comments off

Source: nixCraft

Two factor authentication is increasingly becoming a strongly recommended way of protecting user accounts in web applications from attackers by requiring a second method of authentication in addition to the standard username and password pair.

Although two factor authentication can encompass a wide range of techniques like biometrics or smart cards, the most commonly deployed technique in web applications is the one time password. If you have used applications like Gmail, you are probably familiar with the one time password generated by the Google Authenticator app that’s available on iOS or Android devices.

The algorithm used for the one time password in the Google Authenticator app is known as the Time-based One-Time Password (TOTP) algorithm. The TOTP algorithm is a standard algorithm approved by the IETF in (RFC 6238) totp-rfc.

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A Shell Primer: Master Your Linux, OS X, Unix Shell Environment

31/05/2021 Comments off

On a Linux or Unix-like systems each user and process runs in a specific environment. An environment includes variables, settings, aliases, functions and more. Following is a very brief introduction to some useful shell environment commands, including examples of how to use each command and setup your own environment to increase productivity in the command prompt.


Finding out your current shell

Type any one of the following command at the Terminal app:

ps $$
ps -p $$


echo "$0"

Sample outputs:

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Learning bash scripting for beginners

30/05/2021 Comments off

Bash (Bourne-Again SHell) is a Linux and Unix-like system shell or command language interpreter. It is a default shell on many operating systems including Linux and Apple OS X. Today, we’ll see how to quickly learn scripting.

If you have always used a graphic user interface like KDE or Gnome or MS-Windows or Apple OS X, you are likely to find bash shell confusing. If you spend some time with the bash shell prompt and it will be difficult for you to go back.


Here are a list of tutorials and helpful resources to help you learn bash scripting and bash shell itself.

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Collecting Ubuntu Linux System Information

30/05/2021 Comments off

Source: nixCraft

For new computer or Laptop or server, I need to collect the information about its hardware. This is also useful when you need to replace a disk or memory with a vendor. In order to replace hardware you need all information in advance. In this post, I’m going to list commands that you can use to collect the hardware information.

All of the following commands are tested on Ubuntu Linux LTS 14.04, but should work with any modern distro too such as Debian or Fedora Linux.

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TCP SYN flood DOS attack with hping3

29/05/2021 Comments off


Wikipedia defines hping as :

hping is a free packet generator and analyzer for the TCP/IP protocol distributed by Salvatore Sanfilippo (also known as Antirez). Hping is one of the de facto tools for security auditing and testing of firewalls and networks, and was used to exploit the idle scan scanning technique (also invented by the hping author), and now implemented in the Nmap Security Scanner. The new version of hping, hping3, is scriptable using the Tcl language and implements an engine for string based, human readable description of TCP/IP packets, so that the programmer can write scripts related to low level TCP/IP packet manipulation and analysis in very short time.

On ubuntu hping can be installed from synaptic manager.

$ sudo apt-get install hping3

Syn flood

To send syn packets use the following command at terminal

$ sudo hping3 -i u1 -S -p 80

The above command would send TCP SYN packets to
sudo is necessary since the hping3 create raw packets for the task , for raw sockets/packets root privilege is necessary on Linux.

S – indicates SYN flag
p 80 – Target port 80
i u1 – Wait for 1 micro second between each packet

More options

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