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Monitoring Ubuntu Desktops and Servers Using Monit

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monit is a utility for managing and monitoring, processes, files, directories and devices on a UNIX system. Monit conducts automatic maintenance and repair and can execute meaningful causal actions in error situations.

Monit Features

  • Daemon mode – poll programs at a specified interval
  • Monitoring modes – active, passive or manual
  • Start, stop and restart of programs
  • Group and manage groups of programs
  • Process dependency definition
  • Logging to syslog or own logfile
  • Configuration – comprehensive controlfile
  • Runtime and TCP/IP port checking (tcp and udp)
  • SSL support for port checking
  • Unix domain socket checking
  • Process status and process timeout
  • Process cpu usage
  • Process memory usage
  • Process zombie check
  • Check the systems load average
  • Check a file or directory timestamp
  • Alert, stop or restart a process based on its characteristics
  • MD5 checksum for programs started and stopped by monit
  • Alert notification for program timeout, restart, checksum, stop resource and timestamp error
  • Flexible and customizable email alert messages
  • Protocol verification. HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP, IMAP, NNTP, SSH, DWP,LDAPv2 and LDAPv3
  • An http interface with optional SSL support to make monit accessible from a webbrowser

Install Monit in Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install monit

This will complete the installation.

Configuring Monit

Default configuration file located at /etc/monit/monitrc you need to edit this file to configure your options

sudo vi /etc/monit/monitrc

Sample Configuration file as follows and uncomment all the following options

## Start monit in background (run as daemon) and check the services at 2-minute
 ## intervals.
 set daemon 120

## Set syslog logging with the 'daemon' facility. If the FACILITY option is
 ## omited, monit will use 'user' facility by default. You can specify the
 ## path to the file for monit native logging.
 set logfile syslog facility log_daemon

## Set list of mailservers for alert delivery. Multiple servers may be
 ## specified using comma separator. By default monit uses port 25 - it is
 ## possible to override it with the PORT option.
 set mailserver localhost # primary mailserver

## Monit by default uses the following alert mail format:

From: monit@$HOST # sender
 Subject: monit alert -- $EVENT $SERVICE # subject


Date: $DATE
 Action: $ACTION
 Host: $HOST # body
 Description: $DESCRIPTION

Your faithful,

## You can override the alert message format or its parts such as subject
 ## or sender using the MAIL-FORMAT statement. Macros such as $DATE, etc.
 ## are expanded on runtime. For example to override the sender:
 set mail-format { from: }

## Monit has an embedded webserver, which can be used to view the
 ## configuration, actual services parameters or manage the services using the
 ## web interface.
 set httpd port 2812 and
 use address localhost # only accept connection from localhost
 allow localhost # allow localhost to connect to the server and
 allow admin:monit # require user 'admin' with password 'monit'

===> Change to your network ip range

# Monitoring the apache2 web services.
 # It will check process apache2 with given pid file.
 # If process name or pidfile path is wrong then monit will
 # give the error of failed. tough apache2 is running.
 check process apache2 with pidfile /var/run/

#Below is actions taken by monit when service got stuck.
 start program = "/etc/init.d/apache2 start"
 stop program = "/etc/init.d/apache2 stop"
 # Admin will notify by mail if below of the condition satisfied.
 if cpu is greater than 60% for 2 cycles then alert
 if cpu > 80% for 5 cycles then restart
 if totalmem > 200.0 MB for 5 cycles then restart
 if children > 250 then restart
 if loadavg(5min) greater than 10 for 8 cycles then stop
 if 3 restarts within 5 cycles then timeout
 group server

#Monitoring Mysql Service

check process mysql with pidfile /var/run/mysqld/
 group database
 start program = "/etc/init.d/mysql start"
 stop program = "/etc/init.d/mysql stop"
 if failed host port 3306 then restart
 if 5 restarts within 5 cycles then timeout

#Monitoring ssh Service

check process sshd with pidfile /var/run/
 start program "/etc/init.d/ssh start"
 stop program "/etc/init.d/ssh stop"
 if failed port 22 protocol ssh then restart
 if 5 restarts within 5 cycles then timeout

You can also include other configuration files via include directives:

include /etc/monit/default.monitrc
include /etc/monit/mysql.monitrc

This is only sample configuration file. The configuration file is pretty self-explaining; if you are unsure about an option, take a look at the monit documentation

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After configuring your monit file you can check the configuration file syntax using the following command

sudo monit -t

Once you don’t have any syntax errors you need to enable this service by changing the file /etc/default/monit

sudo vi /etc/default/monit

# You must set this variable to for monit to start


# You must set this variable to for monit to start

Now you need to start the service using the following command

sudo /etc/init.d/monit start

Monit Web interface

Monit Web interface will run on the port number 2812.If you have any firewall in your network setup you need to enable this port.

Now point your browser to http://yourserverip:2812/ (make sure port 2812 isn’t blocked by your firewall), log in with admin and monit. If you want a secure login you can use https check here


Once it opens you should see the following screen



Here you need to enter the username and password



Once it opens you should see the following screen with all the services we are monitoring




Apache web server process details



You can start, stop, restart and disable this service from web interface you can see this in the following screen


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