Articles taggués ‘Mail’

Thunderbird/Change account order

30/05/2023 Aucun commentaire

To change the order of the accounts in Thunderbird simply edit

~/.thunderbird/<your profile>/prefs.js in GNU/Linux,
C:\Documents and Settings\<your profile>\Application Data\Thunderbird\Profiles\****.default\prefs.js in Microsoft Windows XP,

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Categories: Logiciel Tags: , ,

ISPConfig 3 + Squeeze – SSL/TLS 465 SMTP Fail

25/05/2023 Aucun commentaire


Hi there.

New install of ISPConfig 3 on Debian Squeeze [previously on Lenny]

Created using:

Previous server used:

Port: 465
Connection security: SSL/TLS
Authentication method: normal password

If I try to use these setting on this fresh install [complete format with previous back up files stored on a seperate drive] I get the following error:

Sending of message failed.

The message could not be sent because connecting to SMTP server (changed from real name – error has correct name) failed. The server may be unavailable or is refusing SMTP connections. Please verify that your SMTP server settings are correct and try again, or contact the server administrator.

I can send using:

Port: 25
Connection security: STARTTLS
Authentication method: normal password

No errors appear in mail.log or mail.err

I’ve compared the pre/post [original/current]

Differing section appears to be:


smtp inet n - - - - smtpd
submission inet n - - - - smtpd
-o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
-o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
-o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticate d,reject
-o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
smtps inet n - - - - smtpd
-o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
-o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
-o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticate d,reject
-o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING


smtp inet n - - - - smtpd
#submission inet n - - - - smtpd
# -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
# -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
# -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticate d,reject
# -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#smtps inet n - - - - smtpd
# -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
# -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
# -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticate d,reject
# -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING has a couple of minor differences


smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/postfix/cert.pem

*This line is missing in the current


smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth

*These lines do not appear in the original

No firewall rules are set to block ports.

hopefully I’ve provided enough detail.

Categories: Logiciel Tags: ,

Create DNS Service Location (SRV) records for the Exchange Autodiscover service

24/05/2023 Aucun commentaire

Source: Upwards with SBS

In earlier blog posts I’ve discussed other DNS records such as the TXT SPF record.  This is a new but very important record that you will want in place for your domain.

Here’s a list of great resources that describe this in detail and include guidance to manually create and publish the record to whomever is hosting your DNS records for the domain.

Categories: Logiciel, Réseau Tags: ,

Too Many Recipients – Contourner le problème avec Thunderbird

16/05/2023 Comments off


Si vous faites un peu de mailing, vous avez peut-être remarqué que lorsque vous mettez un trop grand nombre de destinataires en copie cachée, il vous était impossible d’envoyer votre mail. Il s’agit tout simplement d’une “sécurité” côté serveur SMTP qui vous empêche de jouer au spammer.

Mais bon, dans certains cas, ce serait quand même bien utile de pouvoir envoyer en copie cachée, un email à de nombreuses personnes.

Heureusement, pour contourner cette limite imposée, il existe un plugin Thunderbird qui s’appelle Too Many Recipients (TMR) et qui automatiquement, réparti les destinataires de votre mail sur plusieurs emails identiques, dans le seul but de rester sous la limite autorisée.


Categories: Logiciel, Réseau Tags:

Email notifications using Gmail SMTP server on Linux

10/03/2023 Comments off

Send email notifications using Gmail SMTP

email notifications gmailUsing Gmail SMTP: Suppose you want to configure a Linux app to send out email messages from your server or desktop. The email messages can be part of email newsletters, status updates (e.g., Cachet), monitoring alerts (e.g., Monit), disk events (e.g., RAID mdadm), and so on. While you can set up your own outgoing mail server to deliver messages, you can alternatively rely on a freely available public SMTP server as a maintenance-free option.

One of the most reliable free SMTP servers is from Google’s Gmail service. All you have to do to send email notifications within your app is to add Gmail’s SMTP server address and your credentials to the app, and you are good to go.

One catch with using Gmail’s SMTP server is that there are various restrictions in place, mainly to combat spammers and email marketers who often abuse the server. For example, you can send messages to no more than 100 addresses at once, and no more than 500 recipients per day. Also, if you don’t want to be flagged as a spammer, you cannot send a large number of undeliverable messages. When any of these limitations is reached, your Gmail account will temporarily be locked out for a day. In short, Gmail’s SMTP server is perfectly fine for your personal use, but not meant for commercial bulk emails.

With that being said, let me demonstrate how to use Gmail’s SMTP server in Linux environment.

Google Gmail SMTP Server Setting

If you want to send emails from your app using Gmail’s SMTP server, you need to adjust the security setting of the Gmail account to be used. Go to the Google account settings, and enable the option to allow less secure apps, which is off by default.

Then you will need to provide your app with the following details.

  • Outgoing mail server (SMTP server):
  • Use authentication: yes
  • Use secure connection: yes
  • Username: your Gmail account ID (e.g., “alice” if your email is
  • Password: your Gmail password
  • Port: 587 (TLS) or 465 (SSL)

Exact configuration syntax may vary depending on apps. In the rest of this tutorial, I will show you several useful examples of using Gmail SMTP server in Linux.

Send Emails from the Command Line

As the first example, let’s try the most basic email functionality: send an email from the command line using Gmail SMTP server. For this, I am going to use a command-line email client called Mutt.

First, install Mutt as follows.

For Debian-based system:

$ sudo apt-get install mutt

For Red Hat based system:

$ sudo yum install mutt

Create a mutt configuration file (~/.muttrc) and specify in the file Gmail SMTP server information as follows. Replace <gmail-id> with your own Gmail ID. Note that this configuration is for sending emails only (not receiving emails).

$ vi ~/.muttrc

set from = "<gmail-id>"
set realname = "Dan Nanni"
set smtp_url = "smtp://<gmail-id>"
set smtp_pass = "<gmail-password>"

Now you are ready to send out an email using mutt:

$ echo "This is an email body." | mutt -s "This is an email subject"

To attach a file in an email, use “-a” option:

$ echo "This is an email body." | mutt -s "This is an email subject" -a ~/test_attachment.jpg


Using Gmail SMTP server means that the emails appear as sent from your Gmail account. In other words, a recipient will see your Gmail address as the sender’s address. If you want to use your domain as the email sender, you need to use Gmail SMTP relay service instead.

Another note is that if you are concerned about placing your SMTP password in the plain-text .muttrc file, you can encrypt the password using GnuPG.

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Categories: Logiciel Tags: , ,