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Articles taggués ‘Apple’

Simple Tor Setup on Mac OS X

01/02/2023 Comments off

Source: kremalicious.com – 

There’re many reasons you might want to browse anonymously which can be accomplished by using Tor. The setup instructions on Tor’s website are quite scattered and outdated so here’re some steps to setup Tor on OS X with a simple automated script at the end.

I’m using OS X Yosemite (10.10) for the following instructions but it should work on almost any OS X version.

Tor Browser

The most simple way to surf anonymously with Tor is to just grab the Tor Browser bundle.

But it’s based on a super old version of Firefox. And there might be more you want to do anonymously on your machine than just browsing the web, like accessing resources via the Terminal or any other app. Or just use the browser you’re used to.

For this you need to have Tor installed on your system and additionally set specific Proxy values in your network preferences after you’ve started Tor.

Install Tor

Contrary to the weirdly outdated install instructions on Tor’s website (hey, remember Macports?), installing Tor on Mac OS X is super simple with Homebrew.

In your Terminal execute:

brew install tor

Then you can start it up by running:

tor

Congratulations, you now have Tor running on your system. But none of your network traffic is routed through it yet.

In order for all your system traffic being routed through Tor you need to adjust your system’s network proxy settings whih you can either do visually in the System Preferences or programmatically via OS X’s builtin networksetup.

Set network proxy settings via System Preferences

You can do this under System Preferences > Network and creating a specific Tor network location for it:

  1. From Location dropdown at the top, select Edit Locations…
  2. Create a new location by hitting the plus button and name it Tor. Hitting Done will select the new location which is now ready to be configured
  3. Go to Advanced > Proxies and activate SOCKS Proxy and add those values:
  • SOCKS proxy server: localhost
  • Port: 9050

tor-osx-proxy

After hitting OK & Apply at the initial network screen, you can easily switch to this newly created location from your menu bar under  > Location whenever you start up Tor.

Switching to the Tor location routes all network traffic on your system through Tor. Note that you have to repeat those steps for every other network interface if you use, say, Wi-Fi and Ethernet interchangeably.

Lire la suite…

Categories: Réseau, Système Tags: , , ,

HowTo: Make Ubuntu a Perfect Mac File Server and Time Machine Volume

31/01/2023 Comments off

ubuntu time machineFor quite some time I use my Ubuntu machine as a file and backup server for all Macs in my network which is perfectly accessible from the Finder in Mac OS X. There are some instructions available in the web for this task but all failed in my case so I wrote my own tutorial with all the steps needed for it to work properly.

So here’s my little Tutorial for connecting Mac OS X Leopard with Ubuntu and using your Ubuntu machine as a backup volume for Time Machine but all steps can be reproduced on every Linux box and they work with Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger too. At the end of this tutorial you will have a server which shows up in the Finder sidebar and behaves just like a Mac server when accessing it from your Macs. To be perfectly integrated with Mac OS X we’re going to use Apple’s Filing Protocol (AFP) for network and file sharing.

Although this Tutorial involves using the Terminal in Ubuntu and looks a bit geeky it’s very easy even for beginners. I have tried to explain all steps and Terminal commands so you may learn a bit about the Terminal too. At the end of the article you can download my Server Displays icon pack quickly made by me with custom icons for a Mac, Ubuntu and Windows server.

Personally I use a fresh installation of Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron Desktop version (32bit on one machine, 64bit on the other) and Mac OS X Leopard (10.5.3 and later) to connect to them. On my Ubuntu boxes there’s no other file sharing protocol like samba (Windows sharing) or NFS activated.

Rumors are Apple will add some undocumented AFP commands with the Mac OS X 10.5.6 update which therefor won’t be supported by the current Netatalk package (and maybe never will). So be sure to check the latest comments on this article when the 10.5.6 update is out to see if this rumor is true and if there are problems caused by that.

Here are the steps involved in setting up your Ubuntu box as a Mac file server:

  1. Modify and install Netatalk (Open Source AFP implementation)
  2. Configure Netatalk
  3. Configure shared volumes (and Time Machine volume)
  4. Install Avahi (Open Source Bonjour implementation)
  5. Configure Avahi and advertise services
  6. Configure TimeMachine
  7. Conclusion, Problems and more informations
  8. Downloading and using the Server Display Icons
  9. Translations Of This Article

Lire la suite…

Categories: Système Tags: , , ,

Removing those darn .DS_Store and .AppleDouble directories from shared network storage

10/11/2022 Comments off

.DS_Store

Here is the command to stop the creation of .DS_Store Directories that pollute your network storage resources. For For Mac OS X Lion you need to use:
defaults write com.apple.desktopservices DSDontWriteNetworkStores true
Now you must Logoff or Restart.

.AppleDouble

To stop the creation of .AppleDouble folders you need to edit your AFP service configuration.  There is usually a “No AppleDouble” or “Enable AppleDouble” configuration setting that needs to be set true (For the NO option) or set to false (For the Enable Option).

Note: In FreeNAS 8.0.4 it seems that the .AppleDouble directories are created anyway regardless of setting.  But at least they seem to be empty and can be removed (rm -r /path/).

The Who, What, and When

The .AppleDouble Directories are used by Mac OS X to store Extended Attributes (exattr) for files residing on filesystems that are not formatted HFS+.  They are most commonly seen when moving a flash drive from your Mac to your Windows Machine.

The .DS_Store Directories store Finder Information.  Such as in “Get File Information” you can access a “Comments” field.  If you provide information on the file i the comment it is stored and Finder Information.  If this directory is missing on remote storage, other Mac users would not be able to see the comment you created.

Why get rid of them?

On network storage you can have the same share presented over AFP (Apple Filing Protocol) andCIFS (Common Internet File System).  Windows users that connect over CIFS can see the extra Apple directories.  The files often copy the name of the original file and prefix it with “._”.  Windows users can mistakenly access these files and think their data is corrupt.

Categories: Système Tags: , ,

Disable creation of .AppleDouble files on Mac OS X

07/11/2022 Comments off

Given that Macs support multiple forks to files, the AppleDouble trick (._ files) try to preserve the data in those forks. So they are needed so that Mac OS X can perform operations on them.

However, most of the files are created when the same volume is mounted through AFP, not SMB/CIFS or NFS. In that case, the AFP server might have configuration options for dealing with the Apple Double files (see, for instance, this blog post).

In order to get rid of AppleDouble files, you can on a Mac the dot_clean command:

dot_clean --keep=dotbar /Volumes/mounted_smb_volume

where mounted_smb_volume would be the name of the mounted volume. Lire la suite…

Categories: Logiciel Tags: ,

Update locate database on OS X (updatedb)

01/11/2022 Comments off

Source: myunster.com

In order to update “locate” database on OS X, some people suggest create a symlink:

sudo ln -s /usr/libexec/locate.updatedb /usr/local/bin/updatedb

However, this method can create an erroneous output if you are in directory with specific permission e.g.

shell-init: error retrieving current directory: getcwd: cannot access parent directories: Permission denied
shell-init: error retrieving current directory: getcwd: cannot access parent directories: Permission denied
shell-init: error retrieving current directory: getcwd: cannot access parent directories: Permission denied
find: .: Permission denied

The better method would be create a bash script /usr/bin/updatedb:

  #!/bin/bash
  pushd . > /dev/null
  cd /usr/libexec
  echo "Updating locate database..."
  sudo ./locate.updatedb
  echo "Updating complete!"
  popd > /dev/null

Make it executable: sudo chmod +x /usr/bin/updatedb

Now you can just run «sudo updatedb», in order to update «locate» database.

Categories: Système Tags: , , , ,